HOTSPOT ANALYSIS AND HUMAN PERCEPTION OF URSUS ACTOS IN THE ROMANIAN CARPATHIANS

ALEXANDRU CHIRA1, SANDA ROȘCA1, IULIU VESCAN1


1 Babeș Bolyai Univeristy, Faculty of Geography, Cluj Napoca 400006, Clinicilor Street, Romania, e-mail: alexchi-ra95@gmail.com, sanda.rosca@ubbcluj.ro, iuliu.vescan@ubbcluj.ro.

ABSTRACT. Hotspot analysis and Human Perception of Ursus Actos in the Romanian Carpathians. The bear by its nature is an opportunistic animal, in a permanent competition for food resources with other carnivorous species and lately with man. Given the degradation of its habitat and the penetration of man into its space, bearhuman coexistence is an essential element to ensure the long term conservation of the species. The purpose of this study is to make distribution maps of the Ursus actos species in Romania taking into account the official reports assuming at the same time the degree of their subjectivity. In order to reduce this subjectivity, a hotspot analysis was applied that highlights the areas with a high density of bears in the mountainous area of Brasov, Harghita, Mures Covasna counties, counties where the number of interactions between bears and inhabitants and / or tourists is high, causing even isolated human casualties. For the analysis of the perception of the inhabitants of these regions and not only, on the risk induced by the presence of bears, a form was applied with the help of which the reaction of the people in case of bear encounters was highlighted, frequencies of encounters, the periods of the year when most interactions happened as well as the most frequent measures taken by them to avoid damages.

Key-Words: Ursus actos, GIS analysis, density, spatial distributions

FULL TEXT


Academia Romana - Filiala Cluj Colectivul de Geografie

Design by Bilasco Stefan