NATURAL DYNAMICS OF THE DEMOGRAPHIC COMPONENT IN THE APUSENI MOUNTAINS AT THE END OF THE 20th CENTURY AND THE BEGINNING OF THE 21st CENTURY (1981-2018)

Mădălin-Sebastian Lung1, Gabriela-Alina Mureșan2

1 Ph.D. Student, Babeș-Bolyai University, Doctoral School of Geography, Cluj-Napoca, 5-7 Clinicilor Street, Romania, email: lungmadalin@yahoo.com
2 Faculty of Geography, Babeș-Bolyai University, Cluj-Napoca, Romania, email: muresan.alina@gmail.com


Abstract:
The study aims to analyse the natural dynamics of the demographic component in the Apuseni Mountains. The period considered is 1981-2018. The study will include demographic indicators such as birth rates, mortality, natural growth, nuptiality and divorce. Some of the necessary statistical data were obtained from the National Institute of Statistics website, and another part from the specialized bibliography. After statistical processing, rates of those indicators were obtained, and several factors were identified underlying their evolution. The conclusions show that the Apuseni Mountains are in a visible demographic decline. Mortality is higher than birth rates, the natural growth being negative. In a similar situation are nuptiality and divorce. Basically, natural dynamics is and has been influenced by social, economic, political factors. Unfortunately, some of these factors had negative influences on the Apuseni Mountains, giving the opportunity to develop risk phenomena such as: ageing population, depopulation.

Key-words: natural dynamics, demographic component, Apuseni Mountains.

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