RECENT DEVELOPMENTS IN AGRICULTURE IN THE APUSENI MOUNTAINS


MAGDALENA DRĂGAN1, GABRIELA COCEAN2


1 Romanian Academy, Cluj-Napoca Branch, Geography Section, magdalenadragan@yahoo.com
2 Romanian Academy, Cluj-Napoca Branch, Geography Section, gabri.cocean@gmail.com


Abstract: - Recent developments in agriculture in the Apuseni Mountains. In our study area, the recent developments in agriculture have followed two divergent courses: a reduction in the intensity of agricultural activities on the one hand and the concentration, amplifi cation and specialization of production on the other. The fi rst phenomenon, that is also the most widespread, was manifested in the decrease of land use and livestock. The demographic decline and ageing population is one determinant factor of this evolution, especially in a context in which subsistence agriculture is generalized in the entire mountain area. The intensifi cation of agricultural activity through orientation of production towards the market is the second identifi ed phenomenon. It had a lower impact so far and has mainly manifested in two different ways: through the development of agribusinesses (companies that concentrate and intensify production by increasing the size of farms) and through the small-scale producers that focus on organic farming and traditional agricultural products.


Key-Words: subsistence agriculture, agricultural land use, livestock, mountains

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Academia Romana - Filiala Cluj Colectivul de Geografie

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