Universitatea”Babeş-Bolyai” Cluj-Napoca, Facultatea de Geografie, str. Clinicilor 5-7, 400006, Cluj Napoca, Romania
ABSTRACT. – The evolution of the etnical and confessional structure of the population in the Someşul Mic valley between 1850 and 2002. The analysis of the ethnic and confessional structure of the population in the Someşul Mic Valley in these 152 years gives us the possibility to show the changes that occurred from this point of view, changes that were influenced by a series of factors (social, political, economical etc.), which individualized the ethnical and confessional situation in each stage in the aforementioned period. From this point of view, showing the situation from the beginning (1850) and the end (2002) shows the changes that occurred. Thus, the ethnic table shows that: there was a growth in the number of Romanians, from 39.6% in 1850 to 79.4% in 2002, a decrease in the Hungarians’ number from 41.9% in 1850 to 18.2% in 2002, a decrease in the number of Gypsies (Roma) from 4.2% in 1850 to 1.7% in 2002, a decrease in the number of Germans from 2.9% to 0.2%, and as for the other ethnic groups, there was a decrease from 11.4% in 1850 to 0.5% in 2002. The confessional structure of the population has a similar evolution. The main religions, according to the number of believers are as follows: the Orthodox had a percentage of 5.81 in 1850 and 70.22 in 2002, the Reformed were 26.28% in 1850 and 12.11% in 2002, the Greek Catholics were 34.42% in 1850 and 5.52% in 2002, the Roman-Catholics were 26.71% in 1850 and 5.12% in 2002. The other religions had a share of 6.78% in 1850 and 7.03% in 2002. The evolution of the two structures of the Valley’s population shows, in 2002, an autochthonous population which is well-consolidated, from an ethnic, as well as confessional point of view.
Keywords: evolution, etnical, confessional, structure, Someşu Mic.
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